SAINT MARK OF EPHESUS
Mark Eugenikos was born around 1392, spending the greater part of his life in Constantinople. He had desired to live a monastic life, which he did for a time, but the Lord was preparing him for a much greater task – the defense of all the truths of Orthodoxy against the false teaching and false authority of the Papacy, at a time when Orthodox leaders were fearful of attacks and capture of their beloved city – Constantinople. Well educated, Mark was seriously studious and covered many subjects, especially theology and rhetoric. Although he was living in the world he was not bound by it, for his first desire had always been for the ascetic life of silence and contemplation. Then as the years went by, his soul became increasingly simple and pure, and he was beloved and honored. The Lord endowed him firm faith and great stamina arming him with the ability to defend the dogmas of Orthodoxy. This defense was supported by his fellows, first with little, and later no support, and even worse came the opposition of his fellows. Mark was ordained a Priest and later elevated to Metropolitan. Through the providence of God, Mark would be chosen to champion the truth and uphold the dogmas in discussions with the Pope and the possibility of union of the churches.
Prior to the fall of the Byzantine Empire and the subsequent captivity under the Turks, the Emperor and Patriarch hoping that they could prevent the fall of the Empire, especially saving the city of Constantinople, by obtaining military help from the west, in